A Brief History of Swing Dance
Swing dancing is a dance style originating from Harlem, New York with Afro-American Roots. Today, the most common style of partnered swing dance is Lindy Hop, but there are many other forms of swing, including Charleston, Balboa and Collegiate Shag. Additionally, there is Solo Jazz, which encompasses the many styles of non-partnered swing dance. On this page we will try to give a summary of the history of swing dance and its development.
Jazz music began in New Orleans and spread across the US when enterprising musicians who felt stifled by the traditionalism of New Orleans moved to Chicago and then New York.
The music inspired early Swing dances such as Charleston within African American communities, particularly within New York.
The Savoy Ballroom opened its doors in Harlem, New York as a social dance venue with live music. It was here that swing became popular with Chick Webb's band as the house band.
Charles Lindbergh "hopped" across the Atlantic in his groundbreaking flight, and swing dances developed around this time were named "Lindbergh Hop", or "Lindy Hop", in tribute.
Herbert 'Whitey' White recruited the best dancers from the Savoy to be in his professional performance group 'Whitey's Lindy Hoppers'. Members included Frankie Manning and Norma Miller, who was only 14 at the time.
Dean Collins is credited with bringing Lindy Hop from New York to California.
Regional styles developed as the popularity for Lindy Hop and Swing music grew. New dances including West Coast Swing emerged.
Swing music evolves into Rock 'n' Roll, where the Boogie Woogie dance form is popularised.
The Savoy Ballroom closed.
Swedish dancers watched old footage of the 'Whitey's Lindy Hoppers' and tracked down Al Minns and Frankie Manning to teach them Swing.
Frankie Manning died aged 94, having spent the last 25 years of his life teaching and spreading the joy of Lindy Hop.
The dance style continues to grow around the world in social, competitive and performance settings.